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Academic Field Trip, Kyiv Ukraine
While visiting Kyiv during the EESA academic field trip you will see almost everything that Kyiv has to offer, starting with Maidan Nezalezhnosti (Independence Square). This is Kyiv’s main square, and is located on Kreschatyk Street, a very interesting street because it is about one mile long and is considered to be the widest, but the shortest comparing to other main streets of the world. You will visit several breathtaking cathedrals including St. Michaels’s Cathedral, St. Andrew’s Church and St. Sophia’s Cathedral. In addition you will see Kiev Pechersk Lavra, the famous Motherland Monument, Pinchuk Art Gallery, the Great Patriotic War Museum, the Golden Gates Monument, the President’s Palace, the Arch of Friendship, Mariyinskiy Palace, the National Bank of Ukraine, Pirogova which is a beautiful outdoor museum of traditional Ukrainian folklore, the National Theatre and the famous House with Chimeras.
Kyiv is the capital of Ukraine and one of the largest cities in Europe. Located on the Dnieper river, it is a vibrant, modern and growing city with a current population of over 3 million people. It is the largest cultural, scientific and industrial center of Ukraine. People in Kyiv, like in the rest of Ukraine are very hospitable, friendly, and delighted to introduce Slavic culture to their foreign guests.
The legend says that Kyiv was founded by three brothers, Kyi, Schek and Khoryv, and their sister Lybid’ at the end of the 5th-beginning of the 6th centuries. Kyiv was the capital of Kyivan Rus’ in 9th-12th centuries and is therefore often called the mother of Slavic cities. During the 11th-12th centuries, ancient Kyivan Rus' reached its greatest period of ascendancy and was the most powerful state in Europe. By the 11th century, Kyiv was one of the largest centers of civilization in the Christian world. At that time, there were about 400 churches, 8 markets and more than 50,000 inhabitants. For comparison at that time, the population of London, Hamburg and Gdansk was about 20,000 people combined. Kyiv was among the most prospering craft and shopping centers of Europe.
Today Kyiv is a very modern and vibrant city with a lot of young professional people. Many governmental institutions are located in the capital. Foreign language can often be heard on the streets of Kyiv as it is a major tourist attraction as well as home to some international businesses. Despite its modern life style, Kyiv is still filled with the spirit of its long history. Modern buildings are intertwined with ancient architectural ensembles that have been there for centuries.
Interesting Facts About Kyiv
1) The world’s heaviest aircraft, the Antonov An-225 Mriya was designed in Ukraine in 1988 and is still manufactured in Kyiv. The aircraft holds the world record for carrying the heaviest ever load.
2) The subway station Arsenalna in the Kyiv city center is one of the deepest subway station in the world at 105 meters below ground. According to popular belief, Arsenalna was home to secret bunkers for the political elite of Soviet Union.
3) Kiev was the first ever capital of Kievan Rus, the first Russian state (late 9th century - 1240). It was built on the lands of the Polyan tribal union, but it later incorporated all the Eastern Slavic tribes.
4) Kiev was the largest town in XI century Europe, fifty times the size of London, ten times the size of Paris. It reached the height of its prominence under the rule of Yaroslav the Wise (1010-1054 AD), who had family connections to the royal houses of France, Norway, Hungary, and Poland.
5) Kiev celebrated its 1500th anniversary in 1982.
6) Mikhail Bulgakov, the great Russian novelist said ,“There is no more beautiful city in the world than Kyiv".
7) The third most visited McDonald’s in the world is located in Kyiv.